Bristol Channel tidal fence aims to follow Swansea lagoon success

Kepler Energy is bringing forward plans for a 30MW tidal energy fence that will be located in the Bristol Channel.

Kepler Energy's tidal fence

The tidal energy technology, akin to a water mill and which will use the very latest carbon composite technology, has been developed by Oxford University’s Department of Engineering Science for deployment in shallower, lower velocity tidal waters around the UK coastline but also in overseas waters.

Subject to planning and financing, the initial  £143M tidal fence, is likely to be located in the Aberthaw to Minehead stretch of water and could be operational by 2020/21.

“We can happily co-exist with tidal lagoons, and the power peaks will occur at different stages of the tide, meaning that the combined output into the Grid will be more easily manageable" - Peter Dixon, Kepler Energy

Kepler Energy, which holds the exclusive global licence for the technology, is embarking on a funding round to take forward the project through the development phase and the planning process. Whilst the technology is regarded as environmentally benign, it will be subject to a rigorous environmental impact assessment during the planning process to ensure that it bears no significant risk to marine life and other users of the sea.

Since its establishment in 2010, Kepler Energy has received assistance from Altran, Gurit, Mojo Maritime, GE, Royal Haskoning and other companies to develop its technology and explore sites where its tidal turbine technology could be deployed.

Given its tidal flows and proximity to electrical infrastructure, Kepler considers the Bristol Channel to be an ideal location for its first scheme. The first phase of the tidal fence scheme will be up to a 1km long. Kepler believes that its tidal fences in the future could be 10km or longer.

Kepler has shared its outline plans with a range of stakeholders including the Department of Energy & Climate Change, the Welsh Government, The Crown Estate and Bristol City Council. It will embark on a wider stakeholder consultation programme later this year.

The patented turbine technology consists of a stressed truss configuration Transverse Horizontal Axis Water Turbine (THAWT). This turbine claims to offer significant technological advantages over traditional axial turbines, enabling it to generate predictable, renewable electricity at very competitive costs in lower velocity and shallower waters, which axial flow turbines cannot replicate.

The simplicity of the patented truss design ensures the minimum of moving parts exposed to the tidal flow, whilst electrical equipment and controls are housed in dry columns. The rotor installation methodology requires no high cost specialist vessels, and can use much longer ‘weather widows’ than axial turbines operating in harsh weather and wave locations.

“As our tidal technology can operate in lower velocity tidal waters, there is greater scope for its deployment in the UK and overseas. It means that we can achieve greater economies of scale as our projects are deployed,” said chairman of Kepler Energy Peter Dixon.

“We can happily co-exist with tidal lagoons, and the power peaks will occur at different stages of the tide, meaning that the combined output into the Grid will be more easily manageable. In addition, our levelised costs of production will be in the range £100 to £130 per MWh for utility scale production, so costs will be cheaper than lagoons and in time we will be cheaper than offshore wind generation. Furthermore, investment risk is manageable since turbines are added incrementally to form the fence, with each one generating revenue as it is added.”

Commenting on the economic benefit of the project, Dixon added: “Our Bristol Channel tidal fence, likely to be located in the Aberthaw/Minehead area, has the potential to mobilise the carbon fibre industry in the UK as well as create new and skilled jobs in Wales and the West Country. For example, for a 400MW fence, we will need as much as 15,000 tonnes of carbon fibre, which will deliver a huge boost to the industry. In summary, tidal fences offer a very practical and cost-effective source of utility scale renewable energy.”


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Peter Dixon is a member of the acumen7 network

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